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Academic research papers are written after in-depth research and analysis of results. If you are concerned that quality research will require blood, sweat, and tears, we offer you this guide. If you use outdated tools and methods, you will need to spend hours studying the relevant and less relevant literature, sorting it, and writing and rewriting work.

Or you can optimize the process and spend much less effort. The following tips will help you improve your results:

Clearly, state the research topic. Yogi Berra, a famous baseball player, once said: “If you don’t know where you are going, you will end up in the wrong place.” This statement has much in common with the research process. If you don’t know what you are looking for, you may end up spending time exploring interesting, but irrelevant facts. Try to formulate a clear question for your research right from the start. Choose an extensive topic, do a quick preliminary study before you formulate a specific question.

Use academic search engines if you want to conduct research online. The following search engines will save you a lot of time:

iSEEK Education

Refseek

INFOMINE

Microsoft Academic Search

WolframAlpha

If you want to go even further with online research, this list of top 100 open access libraries will help you.

Data management. While you are researching, it is very important to avoid the trap of feeling lost. If you found an article that you especially liked, save the link to it; otherwise, you can spend a lot of time trying to find it again, thinking that this is the best resource you could find.

However, with the help of modern data management tools, you can easily save all the necessary information and even understand it and sort it:

Plan the number of words. The general rule is to spend up to 10 percent of the total number of words on the introduction and conclusion. So, if you know the recommended number of words, you can make appropriate decisions regarding the number of words that will be included in other sections.

Consider the goals of the sections. The conclusion should be brief, and according to the argumentative research paper topic. This is a summary of your research work. It should be written after the completion of your project.

Existing opinions on the argumentative research paper topic should be included in the literature review.

Review the literature. Collecting sources and only a couple of words about each of them is a wrong technique. Before you write your review of the literature, divide your sources into groups, in accordance with the provisions of the authors. Make sure you include conflicting opinions and highlight gaps in the existing literature. It will do your work exhaustively.